User Tools

Site Tools


aircraft:airbus_a320

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
aircraft:airbus_a320 [2019/06/28 15:22]
jh [A320 MCDU Tutorial]
aircraft:airbus_a320 [2019/07/01 14:54]
jh ↷ Page name changed from aircraft:airbus_a320_214 to aircraft:airbus_a320
Line 330: Line 330:
 We just experienced how easy it can be to fly an airliner with all the automation helping us. But we sort of skipped the whole procedures for setting up a flight plan with the on-board computers (MCDU), preparing the aircraft for takeoff and all the checklists and the powerful auto-flight (autopilot+auto-thrust) system. We just experienced how easy it can be to fly an airliner with all the automation helping us. But we sort of skipped the whole procedures for setting up a flight plan with the on-board computers (MCDU), preparing the aircraft for takeoff and all the checklists and the powerful auto-flight (autopilot+auto-thrust) system.
  
-==== A320 Autopilot ​Tutorial ​====+==== A320 Autopilot ​Introduction ​====
  
 The Airbus A320 autopilot in the Aerofly FS 2 is an realistic simulation of the real world autopilot. Therefor you can also refer to A320 autopilot videos, other descriptions or tutorials or the flight crew operating manual (FCOM) if you need to. We're going to provide an overview of what the autopilot buttons do. The Airbus A320 autopilot in the Aerofly FS 2 is an realistic simulation of the real world autopilot. Therefor you can also refer to A320 autopilot videos, other descriptions or tutorials or the flight crew operating manual (FCOM) if you need to. We're going to provide an overview of what the autopilot buttons do.
Line 464: Line 464:
 {{ :​wiki:​a320_fcu_altitude.jpg |}} {{ :​wiki:​a320_fcu_altitude.jpg |}}
  
-==== A320 MCDU Tutorial ​====+ 
 +==== A320 MCDU Introduction ​====
  
 The Multipurpose Control and Display Unit (MCDU) is the interface to the flight management computer, which computes the flight plan. In this tutorial we're going to setup a flight plan from Sacramento Intl. (KSMF) to San Francisco Intl. (KSFO) similar to the beginner tutorial above. But this time we're only going to use the cockpit interfaces and not the simulator'​s menus. The Multipurpose Control and Display Unit (MCDU) is the interface to the flight management computer, which computes the flight plan. In this tutorial we're going to setup a flight plan from Sacramento Intl. (KSMF) to San Francisco Intl. (KSFO) similar to the beginner tutorial above. But this time we're only going to use the cockpit interfaces and not the simulator'​s menus.
Line 471: Line 472:
  
 Pages in the MCDU include for example the Direct-To page, Progress, Performance,​ Init, Data, Flight-Plan,​ Radio-Navigation,​ Fuel-Prediction,​ Secondary Flight-Plan,​ ATC Communications,​ MCDU Menu. Pages in the MCDU include for example the Direct-To page, Progress, Performance,​ Init, Data, Flight-Plan,​ Radio-Navigation,​ Fuel-Prediction,​ Secondary Flight-Plan,​ ATC Communications,​ MCDU Menu.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​a320_mcdu_line_select.jpg?​300| }}
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_scratch_pad.jpg?​300| }}
  
 === Line Select Keys === === Line Select Keys ===
 +
  
 To the left and right of the MCDU display there are six line select keys (LSK). They serve the purpose to select something on the display, e.g. to insert a value into that field or to select a menu option to open other pages or options. To the left and right of the MCDU display there are six line select keys (LSK). They serve the purpose to select something on the display, e.g. to insert a value into that field or to select a menu option to open other pages or options.
Line 485: Line 490:
  
 === Create a Flight Plan with the MCDU === === Create a Flight Plan with the MCDU ===
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​navigation_menu_delete_route.png?​220|}}
 +
 +In the navigation menu delete any previous flight plan. You can also delete the flight plan from within the MCDU by pressing the CLR key and then deleting the FROM/TO field on the INIT page A.
  
 Please move your aircraft back to the Sacramento Intl. onto the parking position. Make sure the parking brake is set. We will now setup the flight plan to San Francisco. Please move your aircraft back to the Sacramento Intl. onto the parking position. Make sure the parking brake is set. We will now setup the flight plan to San Francisco.
Line 518: Line 527:
 Select a cost index, type ''​20''​ into the scratch-pad and select the LSK 5L. Higher cost index consumes more fuel and gets you to the destination faster. 0 would be minimum fuel consumption,​ 999 would be fastest possible. Select a cost index, type ''​20''​ into the scratch-pad and select the LSK 5L. Higher cost index consumes more fuel and gets you to the destination faster. 0 would be minimum fuel consumption,​ 999 would be fastest possible.
  
-Select a cruise altitude. For our flight ​12000ft ​would be ok, so type ''​12000''​ and insert it into the CRZ FL field.+Select a cruise altitude. For our flight ​12 or 13000ft ​would be ok, so type ''​13000''​ and insert it into the CRZ FL field. 
 + 
 +{{:​wiki:​a320_mcdu_init_page_a_from_to.jpg?​300| }} 
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_init_page_a_completed.jpg?​300| }}
  
 === Flight-Plan Page === === Flight-Plan Page ===
Line 532: Line 544:
 Select the line select key in the lower right corner "TMPY INSERT"​ to execute the temporary flight plan. Select the line select key in the lower right corner "TMPY INSERT"​ to execute the temporary flight plan.
  
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_flight_plan_departure_all.jpg |}}
  
 **Select an Arrival** **Select an Arrival**
Line 537: Line 550:
 From the flight plan page press the lower left line select key next to the destination ICAO identifier and from the LAT REV page select ARRIVAL. From the flight plan page press the lower left line select key next to the destination ICAO identifier and from the LAT REV page select ARRIVAL.
  
-Use the up/down arrows on the MCDU to scroll through the list until you see ILS28R (or just 28R works too).+Use the up/down arrows on the MCDU to scroll through the list until you see ILS28R (or just 28R works too). Push the up arrow to slide the contents of the page up, as if you were pushing a drum. Similarly push the down arrow to push the contents back down (scroll back up).
  
 Select the line select key in the lower right corner "TMPY INSERT"​ to execute the temporary flight plan. Select the line select key in the lower right corner "TMPY INSERT"​ to execute the temporary flight plan.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_flight_plan_arrival_all.jpg |}}
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_flight_plan_completed.jpg?​300|}}
  
 ** Add Waypoints ** ** Add Waypoints **
Line 546: Line 563:
  
 For the tutorial flight type ''​OAK''​ and click the line select key before the "​28R"​ ILS approach. For the tutorial flight type ''​OAK''​ and click the line select key before the "​28R"​ ILS approach.
 +
 +
 +----
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_radio_navigation_vor.jpg?​300|}}
  
 === Radio Navigation === === Radio Navigation ===
 +
  
 Press the RAD/NAV button to show the Radio Navigation page. This page shows how the radio receivers for the VOR1/2, ILS and ADF1/2 are tuned. You can enter either a frequency or the identifier of a station and then use the line select key to insert your entry. Press the RAD/NAV button to show the Radio Navigation page. This page shows how the radio receivers for the VOR1/2, ILS and ADF1/2 are tuned. You can enter either a frequency or the identifier of a station and then use the line select key to insert your entry.
Line 568: Line 591:
  
 Enter the block fuel (e.g. fuel on board FOB as seen on the upper ECAM screen) in metric tons, e.g. ''​7.2''​. Enter the block fuel (e.g. fuel on board FOB as seen on the upper ECAM screen) in metric tons, e.g. ''​7.2''​.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_performance_takeoff.jpg?​300|}}
  
 === Takeoff Performance === === Takeoff Performance ===
Line 577: Line 602:
 Fill in the v-speeds, V1, VR and V2. Fill in the v-speeds, V1, VR and V2.
 For the tutorial flight you can use ''​135'',​ ''​140''​ and ''​142''​. For the tutorial flight you can use ''​135'',​ ''​140''​ and ''​142''​.
 +
 +Enter the takeoff flaps and trimmable horizontal stabilizer (THS) (takeoff pitch trim), e.g. ''​1/​UP0.0''​
  
 Insert a flexible takeoff temperature (FLEX TO TEMP) that is above the outside air temperature to reduce the thrust for takeoff, which in the real world at least saves fuel and reduces stress on the engines. Leave this field empty or even clear it when you have a short runway and/or the aircraft is heavy. Insert a flexible takeoff temperature (FLEX TO TEMP) that is above the outside air temperature to reduce the thrust for takeoff, which in the real world at least saves fuel and reduces stress on the engines. Leave this field empty or even clear it when you have a short runway and/or the aircraft is heavy.
Line 587: Line 614:
  
 If you want to you can pre-select a speed for the climb phase. For this select the NEXT PHASE option, type a desired selected speed into the scratchpad and insert it into the PRESEL field. For example you can type ''​210''​. With a preset speed after takeoff when the aircraft flies above the acceleration height the speed target of the autopilot will change from managed to selected and the speed from the preset will be inserted into the flight control unit (FCU). This reduces the workload, it basically does the same as pulling the speed knob and dialing in the desired speed. If you want to you can pre-select a speed for the climb phase. For this select the NEXT PHASE option, type a desired selected speed into the scratchpad and insert it into the PRESEL field. For example you can type ''​210''​. With a preset speed after takeoff when the aircraft flies above the acceleration height the speed target of the autopilot will change from managed to selected and the speed from the preset will be inserted into the flight control unit (FCU). This reduces the workload, it basically does the same as pulling the speed knob and dialing in the desired speed.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_performance_approach.jpg?​300|}}
  
 === Approach Performance === === Approach Performance ===
Line 602: Line 631:
 You also have the option to land with flaps CONF 3 instead of FULL - this is useful if you have a long runway and want to vacate at the end or the runway, of if you want to keep the speed up for sequencing and you are flying a rather light aircraft. If you select this, also activate the ground proximity warning system (GPWS) "LDG FLAP 3" in the left side of the overhead panel to avoid any GPWS callouts like "too low flaps"​. You also have the option to land with flaps CONF 3 instead of FULL - this is useful if you have a long runway and want to vacate at the end or the runway, of if you want to keep the speed up for sequencing and you are flying a rather light aircraft. If you select this, also activate the ground proximity warning system (GPWS) "LDG FLAP 3" in the left side of the overhead panel to avoid any GPWS callouts like "too low flaps"​.
  
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​a320_mcdu_progress_bearing.jpg?​300|}}
  
 === Progress Page === === Progress Page ===
Line 610: Line 641:
  
 On the progress page you can also check a bearing or distance of any waypoint, airport, vor, adf or even individual runway thresholds. For our tutorial type ''​KSFO28R''​ and enter it on the right hand line select, 4th from the top, opposite to BRG/DIST. When the identifier is recognized it will display the bearing and distance to the San Francisco Intl. runway 28R, a good measure for the remaining distance between you and the runway. On the progress page you can also check a bearing or distance of any waypoint, airport, vor, adf or even individual runway thresholds. For our tutorial type ''​KSFO28R''​ and enter it on the right hand line select, 4th from the top, opposite to BRG/DIST. When the identifier is recognized it will display the bearing and distance to the San Francisco Intl. runway 28R, a good measure for the remaining distance between you and the runway.
-==== A320 EFIS Control Panel ==== 
  
-=== Range === +---- 
-=== Mode === + 
-=== Raw Data === + 
-=== Pressure Setting === +===== V-Speeds and Ranges ===== 
-===== V Speeds and Ranges =====+ 
 +[[aircraft:​basic_flight_information|What are the v-speeds?]]
  
 **Speed Limits** **Speed Limits**
aircraft/airbus_a320.txt · Last modified: 2019/07/01 14:54 by jh