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aircraft:dash8-q400_flight_tutorial

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Bombardier Dash 8Q-400 Flight Tutorial

NOT FOR REAL LIFE USE

*Work is currently in progress here*

Flight Preparation

After setting up the tutorial route from San Diego to Los Angeles select the Bombardier Dash 8Q-400 (short Q400) in the fresh green or colorful celebration Horizon livery and use the location dialog to place the aircraft in San Diego on the ramp (white aircraft symbol).

In the control settings in the Autopilot section we need to assign a key/button to the TOGA button (“Take off / go around mode”), because we will need this button later.

Move the throttle to idle and if you have your condition levers assigned, move them all the way forward now. Then press “Start” to begin the flight.

Introduction To The Flightdeck

Take your time and look around the Cockpit for a bit. Directly in front of the pilot two monitors can be found. The left one is the primary flight display (PFD) and the right one is the navigation display (ND).

The PFD displays, left to right, the current airspeed, the attitude, the altitude and the vertical speed. In the lower half of the display you find the horizontal situation indicator (HSI)

Engine Start

You can skip this part if you don't want to do this, the engines should already be running at this point But if you want to start the engines for yourself go ahead and move your condition levers all the way down to FUEL OFF.

* Item should be completed by default

Engine Start procedure
No. Location Panel Name Action Remarks
1 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant PARKING BRAKE ON *
2 Overhead EXTERNAL LIGHTS ANTI COLLISION ON RED
3 Overhead Signs EMERGENCY LIGHTS ARM *
4 Overhead Signs FASTEN BELTS ON *
5 Overhead Signs NO SMOKING ON *
6 Overhead ICE PROTECTION ENGINE INTAKE 1&2 SET OPN Press each button 1x
6 Overhead AIR CONDITIONING RECIRC ON
7 Overhead AIR CONDITIONING BLEED 1&2 OFF *
8 Overhead APU PWR ON Wait for self test
9 Overhead APU START ON Wait for green RUN
10 Overhead APU GEN ON
11 Overhead APU BLEED AIR OFF *
12 Overhead DC CONTROL MAIN BUS TIE ON
13 Overhead ENGINE START IGNITION L&R NORM *
14 Overhead ENGINE START SELECT 1
15 Overhead ENGINE START START PUSH
16 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant PROP LEVER 1 START & FEATHER Wait for starter cut out (50% NH)
17 Overhead ENGINE START SELECT 2
18 Overhead ENGINE START START PUSH
19 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant PROP LEVER 2 START & FEATHER Wait for starter cut out (50% NH)
After Start procedure
No. Location Panel Name Action Remarks
1 Overhead APU GEN OFF
2 Overhead APU PWR OFF
3 Overhead DC CONTROL MAIN BUS TIE OFF

Taxi

We're now preparing the aircraft for taxi and takeoff.

Taxi preparations
No. Location Panel Name Action Remarks
1 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant PROP LEVER 1&2 MAX 1020
2 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant ELEVATOR TRIM SET T.O. Within white TO Range
3 Pedestal TRIM AILERON TRIM SET NEUTRAL *
4 Pedestal TRIM RUDDER TRIM SET Slight right trim
5 Overhead AIR CONDITIONING BLEEDS ON/MIN
6 Pedestal PROPELLER CONTROL AUTOFEATHER SELECT
7 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant FLAPS FLAP 5°
8 Pedestal FUEL CONTROL TANK 1&2 AUX PUMP ON
9 Front Panel HYDRAULICS STBY HYD PRESS ON
10 Front Panel HYDRAULICS PTU CTRL ON
11 Front Panel HYDRAULICS HYD #3 ISOL VLV ON
12 Pilot Panel Switching Panel STEERING OFF
13 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant CONTROL LOCK OFF *
14 FLT-CTL Rudder Pedals RUDDER FULL TRAVEL
15 FLT-CTL Control Column ELEVATOR FULL TRAVEL
16 FLT-CTL Control Wheel AILERON FULL TRAVEL
17 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant CONTROL LOCK ON
18 Pilot Panel Switching Panel STEERING ON
19 Front Panel HYDRAULICS HYD #3 ISOL VLV OFF
20 Overhead ICE PROTECTION ENGINE INTAKE 1&2 SET OPN Press each button 1x
21 Overhead ICE PROTECTION PITOT STATIC ON 3x *
22 Overhead ICE PROTECTION PITOT STATIC ISOLATION VALVE ON (ISO)
23 Glareshield Right side ANTI SKID ON *

Release parking brake advance the power lever to start moving. Start taxiing to runway 27.

During Taxi
No. Location Panel Name Action Remarks
1 FLT-CTL Pedals BRAKES TEST
2 Pedestal ENGINE CONTROL RDC TOP TRQ PRESS up to 5x Optional for reduced power takeoff, recommended: 2x for 4% reduction
3 Glareshield Autopilot YD (YAW DAMPER) ON
4 (assigned key/button) Autopilot TOGA button PRESS
5 Glareshield Autopilot ALT SEL PRESS
6 Glareshield Autopilot SELECTED ALTITUDE SET INITIAL ALT CRZ ALT 15000ft for this tutorial
7 Glareshield Autopilot HDG PRESS
8 Glareshield Autopilot SELECTED HEADING SET RWY HDG 273° for this tutorial
9 Glareshield Autopilot NAVIGATION SOURCE SET FMS1 *
10 Front Panel PFD DH/MDA SELECTOR SET TO MDA EDIT Turn outer knob to the right
11 Front Panel PFD DH/MDA INCREMENT SET MDA (Elevation + 1500ft) Turn inner knob to the left until the MDA on the PFD displays 1500 ft
11 Front Panel PFD V-SPEEDS SET *
12 Pilot Panel Switching Panel T/O WARN TEST ON then OFF No audible warning should sound

Entering The Runway

Runway entry procedure
No. Location Panel Name Action Remarks
1 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant CONTROL LOCK OFF *
2 Overhead EXTERNAL LIGHTS ANTI COLLISION ON WHITE
3 Overhead EXTERNAL LIGHTS LANDING ON
4 Overhead EXTERNAL LIGHTS FLARE ON
5 Overhead AIR CONDITIONING BLEEDS AS REQUIRED ON/MIN
6 Front Panel PFD CHECK AFCS MODES: HDG SEL, GA + ALT SEL SET/CHECKED HDG 273° set, flight director visible and shows 9 deg pitch
7 Pilot Panel Switching Panel STEERING OFF Once lined up

We have now reached the takeoff configuration. When you set the aircraft onto the runway using the location dialog in the main menu almost all the steps above will be completed already.

Takeoff

Advance your throttle levers fully forward to set the pre-selected takeoff power. Maintain the aircraft on the center line using the rudder. When the airspeed on the PFD reaches VR easy the nose up gently and rotate with about 3° of pitch rate. Positive rate - Gear up! Fly a speed about 10kts above V2 and engage the autopilot if desired. The autopilot will switch to PITCH HOLD mode which can be controlled with the vertical wheel in the center of the autopilot panel if necessary. Scrolling with the mousewheel will lower the nose and allow speed to increase or increase the pitch attitude and slow the aircraft down. Monitor the indicated speed and correct the selected pitch as necessary.

After Takeoff

In the initial climb phase up to about 1000ft there isn't much to do if the autopilot is flying. Use the rudder trim to reduce the slip angle as indicated on the PFD at the top of the attitude indicator.

At 1000ft above the airport press the “NAV” button on the autopilot panel. With the already selected navigation source “FMS1” this will tell the autopilot to follow the planned lateral flight plan. Check if “LNAV” is engaged in the top left corner of the PFD. If you already deviated from the flight plan too much the autopilot will select the mode “LNAV HDG SEL”. To fix this make an adjustment to the selected heading and turn it towards the route. Upon reaching the route the autopilot should switch to “LNAV”.

When reaching the MDA (1500ft above airport) press the “IAS” button on the autopilot panel. Then use the vertical wheel to increase the selected airspeed to 210 kts. When the aircraft is accelerating though V-FRI (Flap Retraction Indicated speed) the flaps can be selected to up. Set climb power by reducing the condition levers to 900 and continue the climb. Re-trim the aircraft with rudder trim if the slip indicator on the PFD isn't centered.

After Takeoff procedure
No. Location Panel Name Action Remarks
1 Front Panel LANDING GEAR LANDING GEAR UP
2 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant FLAPS ZERO Above V-FRI
3 Pedestal Throttle Quadrant PROP LEVER 1&2 900
4 Overhead AIR CONDITIONING BLEEDS ON/NORM
5 Front Panel HYDRAULICS STBY HYD PRESS OFF
6 Front Panel HYDRAULICS PTU CTRL OFF
7 Pedestal PROPELLER CONTROL AUTOFEATHER OFF
8 Pedestal FUEL CONTROL TANK 1&2 AUX PUMP OFF
9 Pedestal TRIM RUDDER TRIm AS REQUIRED Center the slip indicator

Climb

Above transition altitude (18,000ft in USA, about 5,000ft in Europe) push the BARO SET knob left of the PFD. This will set the pressure to 1013 hPa or 29.92 InHg (which at the current development state it already is). In this tutorial this won't be necessary as we are flying in the USA but stay below the 18 thousand feet anyway.

Cruise

Descent preparation

Descent

Approach

Landing

After landing

Parking

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aircraft/dash8-q400_flight_tutorial.1501596942.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/08/01 16:15 by jh