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aircraft:universal_uns1_fms [2019/07/01 13:27]
jh [Keyboard and Line-Select-Keys]
aircraft:universal_uns1_fms [2019/07/01 14:43]
jh [Universal FMS]
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-===== Flight Plan Creation Using Universal ​FMS =====+===== Universal ​UNS-1 =====
  
 The Universal UNS-1 is a very common flight management system (FMS) which is can be found in the Bombardier Q400, Learjet 45 as well as the Boeing 737-500 (retrofit) in Aerofly FS 2 with only minor differences between them. The simulated devices can be used to change the flight plan from within the cockpit, without having to leave the aircraft and going back to the main menu. The Universal UNS-1 is a very common flight management system (FMS) which is can be found in the Bombardier Q400, Learjet 45 as well as the Boeing 737-500 (retrofit) in Aerofly FS 2 with only minor differences between them. The simulated devices can be used to change the flight plan from within the cockpit, without having to leave the aircraft and going back to the main menu.
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 Fields on the displayed page are selected with the line-select-keys (LSK) to the left and right of the display. After pressing a line select key next to a field that can be edited the field will be displayed in reverse video (white background). The value can now be edited with the alphanumeric keyboard. When the entry is complete the enter key is pressed to insert the new value. Changing the page or selecting a different field on the page discards an entry. Fields on the displayed page are selected with the line-select-keys (LSK) to the left and right of the display. After pressing a line select key next to a field that can be edited the field will be displayed in reverse video (white background). The value can now be edited with the alphanumeric keyboard. When the entry is complete the enter key is pressed to insert the new value. Changing the page or selecting a different field on the page discards an entry.
  
-The Universal UNS-1 has no scratchpad like the [[wiki:a320_flight_tutorial|Airbus MCDU]], [[aircraft:​king_air_c90_gtx|C90GTx CDU]] or the [[aircraft:​boeing_747-400|Boeing CDUs]].+The Universal UNS-1 has no scratchpad like the [[aircraft:airbus_a320|Airbus MCDU]], [[aircraft:​king_air_c90_gtx|C90GTx CDU]] or the [[aircraft:​boeing_747-400|Boeing CDUs]].
  
 ==== Pages ==== ==== Pages ====
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   * Press the **FPL** page to access the flight plan pages. Repeated pressing of the FPL as well as pressing the PREV and NEXT keys cycles through the available flight plan leg pages and the flight plan summary.   * Press the **FPL** page to access the flight plan pages. Repeated pressing of the FPL as well as pressing the PREV and NEXT keys cycles through the available flight plan leg pages and the flight plan summary.
  
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan.jpg?​300 |}}
  
 === Creating a Flight-Plan === === Creating a Flight-Plan ===
  
-**Deleting The Route**+**Deleting The Old Route**
  
 To delete any previous route, e.g. the route created with the Aerofly FS 2 navigation menu: To delete any previous route, e.g. the route created with the Aerofly FS 2 navigation menu:
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 The route is now completely removed. The route is now completely removed.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_delete_flight_plan.jpg?​300 |}}
  
 **Enter New Origin** **Enter New Origin**
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 The cursor now moves to the next field. The cursor now moves to the next field.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_from.jpg?​300 |}}
  
 **Adding Waypoints** **Adding Waypoints**
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 For the Learjet 45 tutorial repeat this process for the VORs ''​CMA''​ and ''​GVO''​. For the Learjet 45 tutorial repeat this process for the VORs ''​CMA''​ and ''​GVO''​.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_add_waypoint.jpg?​300 |}}
  
 You can also see a list of nearby waypoints by selecting a position in the flight plan, where the waypoint should go, then pressing the LIST key. When you find the desired waypoint just enter the list position (not the name) and confirm with enter. The waypoint will be automatically added to the flight plan. You can also see a list of nearby waypoints by selecting a position in the flight plan, where the waypoint should go, then pressing the LIST key. When you find the desired waypoint just enter the list position (not the name) and confirm with enter. The waypoint will be automatically added to the flight plan.
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   * Type ''​KSBA''​ for Santa Barbara.   * Type ''​KSBA''​ for Santa Barbara.
   * Press ENTER to select it as the destination airport.   * Press ENTER to select it as the destination airport.
 +
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_to.jpg?​300 |}}
  
 **Add or Change Departure** **Add or Change Departure**
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   * (selecting a SID is not yet implemented)   * (selecting a SID is not yet implemented)
   * Click the FPL link to get back to the flight plan page.   * Click the FPL link to get back to the flight plan page.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_menu_depart.jpg?​300| }}
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_departure.jpg?​300|}}
  
 **Add or Change the Arrival** **Add or Change the Arrival**
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   * (selecting a STAR or APPR is not yet implemented)   * (selecting a STAR or APPR is not yet implemented)
   * Click the FPL link to get back to the flight plan page.   * Click the FPL link to get back to the flight plan page.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_menu_arrive.jpg?​300| }}
 +{{ :​wiki:​lj45_cdu_flight_plan_arrive.jpg?​300|}}
  
 **Verification and Flight Plan Summary** **Verification and Flight Plan Summary**
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 **Note** - Editing the flight plan like this is optional and always will be. You can always go back to the navigation menu and change the flight plan from there. **Note** - Editing the flight plan like this is optional and always will be. You can always go back to the navigation menu and change the flight plan from there.
  
- +{{ :wiki:lj45_cdu_flight_plan_summary.jpg?300 |}}
-===== backup ===== +
- +
-The latest alpha/beta builds introduced some new FMS screens in the **Q400, LJ45, and the retrofit FMS in the B737**; one of them being the flight plane page (FPL). Instead of using the Navigation page to enter the plan into the FMS it's more realistic to enter it manually into the FMS. Because not everyone might know how the FMS works here is a general tutorial showing how it's done. +
- +
-If you don't already know the route and ICAO to plan the flight a good way to get the information that you need is to use the Navigation page for your prep work. **Note**: After planning the flight using the navigation page you can clear the plan by clicking on the circular icon in the top right corner; this way the (FLP) page of the FMS will be empty once you enter the cockpit.  +
- +
-   * In this tutorial we will be using the Q400 so go ahead and select that aircraft now. +
- +
-{{:manual:fpl1.jpg?700|}} +
- +
-   * We'll fly from **KKIC (Mesa Del Rey) to KSFO (San Francisco)** for this tutorial so go ahead and set this flight plan up on your navigation page. +
-   * Now write down the entire flight plan on paper. **Note**: You can also select airports from a list on the FMS but for this tutorial we will write it down to simulate real-life planning.  +
- +
-You should written the below information down: +
- +
-   * KKIC runway 29 +
-   * UAD (this is an NDB) +
-   * SJC (this is a VOR) +
-   * KSFO runway 28R +
- +
-   * Now remove the plan from the Navigation page and step into the Q400 cockpit. The FMS should look like this: +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpn2.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-We are at the FPL page already and the first field is ready for input. There are two ways to enter data into each field: you can type it in or select it from a list. We'll start with typing. +
- +
-1. Type KKIC and press ENTER +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl2.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-2. Type UAD and press ENTER +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl3.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-For the next waypoint we will use the **list** option. **Note**: using the list you can enter VORs, NDBs, airports and more: make sure you know what kind of waypoint you are looking for, because you won't find a VOR in the NDB list, which is why we write down all details from the navigation screen. +
- +
-3. Press **LIST** and then press the **LSK** next to VOR (Line Select Key- these are the buttons left and right of the FMS screen). You will see a list with VOR's beginning with the one closest by. +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpn4.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-4. Press **NEXT** until you see **SJC** in the list (it should be number 12 on the second screen) +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl5.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-5. **Type 12** and press **ENTER** SJC will be added to the flightplan +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fls6.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-6. **Type KSFO and press ENTER**: we also could have used the **LIST** option for this (KSFO would have been number 41 on the 6th page!)  +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl7.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-Now we will select the departure and arrival runways +
- +
-7. Press MENU +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl8.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-8. Press the LSK next to DEPART (you will see a list of all available runways) +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl9.jpg?​500|}} +
-{{:​manual:​fpl10.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-9. We want runway 29 which is number 2 so **type 2 and press ENTER** +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl11.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-10. Press the LSK next to FPL which will bring you back to the FPL page: the correct runway will be entered in the plan: you can check the heading and AFS2 will have added an automated waypoint in between the departure airport and UAD +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fpl12.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-11. Press **MENU** and then the **LSK next to ARRIVE** +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fms20.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-12. Runway 10L has been entered automatically but we want runway 28R so **press the LSK next to 10L**; you will see a list of all available runways (if there are more runways they may not fit on one screen: in that case use NEXT and PREV to see the rest of the list) +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fms21.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fms22.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-13. We want runway 28R which is number 2 so **type 2 and press ENTER** +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fms23.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-14.** Press the LSK next to FPL** and you will see runway 28R has been added to the plan (Aerofly will automatically add the final approach fix into the plan (which is always placed 10 nm out of the runway in the runway heading) +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fms25.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-15. Press **NEXT** to see the next page of the plan +
- +
-{{:​manual:​fms26.jpg?​500|}} +
- +
-Press **PREV** to go back again or **NEXT** to cycle through all pages of the plan **Note**- You can also press FPL to do this. +
- +
-That's it! Now you know how to enter a flight plan manually into the FMS and how to use the LIST and MENU options to add waypoints like VORs or NDBs and even airports and how to add or change departure and arrival runways. This way you can change the arrival runway even during a flight! +
- +
-**Note**- the plan in the FMS is linked and 100% the same as the one on the Navigation page so if you can't get things done using the FMS you can always go to the Navigation page and edit/change things there. +
- +
  
aircraft/universal_uns1_fms.txt · Last modified: 2019/07/01 14:52 by jh