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aircraft:ils_approach_tutorial [2017/08/01 03:31] (current)
jf created
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 +===== ILS Approach Tutorial =====
 +
 +You are a beginner pilot just getting familiar with Aerofly FS 2. You made some VFR flights and tried some landings. **Note** - VFR = Visual Flight Rules; pilot operates aircraft under visual conditions.  ​
 + 
 +Now let’s do the next step and try an ILS approach. **Note** - ILS = Instrument Landing System. ​
 +
 +In this more complex tutorial we gather some preflight information,​ use both the location and navigation maps, adjust aircraft instruments,​ and finally do an automatic approach assisted by ILS. 
 +
 +==== Preflight Preparation ====
 +
 +For this tutorial we will be flying into San Francisco International Airport (KSFO), and want to approach runway 19L.Open the site [[http://​airnav.com/​airports/​]] and search for San Francisco, SFO, or KSFO. **Note** -  KSFO is the ICAO code of the airport, also shown in Aerofly FS 2.
 +
 +The KSFO page tells you everything that you need to know about the airport. ​
 +
 +Scroll down to **IAPs - Instrument Approach Procedures** and open the PDF file **ILS OR LOC RWY 19L**.
 +The layout of this file is standardized and explained in various locations of the web.
 +To begin, we will only concentrate only on the information pertaining for us for this tutorial.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​19r_loc.jpg?​600|}}
 +
 +   *The frequency of the localizer (LOC/DME) is **108.9 MHz**, ​
 +   **The approach course (APP CRS) is **194 degrees**. ​
 +   *The available runway length (Rwy ldg) is **8650 ft.** 
 +   *The touch down zone elevation (elevationTDZE) ​ is **11 ft.**
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​19lglidepath.jpg?​600|}}
 +
 +This is the glide path to the runway. To intercept the glide path, our flight level in a distance of **17.4 nm** is at or below **5000 ft**.
 +The final approach fix (FAF) is in a distance of **10.1 nm at 2800 ft.**. Our aircraft should be in line now and follow the glide path.
 +
 +==== Setting Up Your Flight ====
 +
 +Once you have the information needed for your flight, start Aerofly FS 2. For this tutorial we are going to use the Baron 58 aircraft. **Note** - The instruments may be different in other aircraft, but the concept learned in this tutorial is basically the same.
 +
 +   * First select the **Baron 58** aircraft.
 +   * Open **Location** and place your aircraft just above Buchanan Field (NE of SanFrancisco near position N 38.09 degrees W 122.08 degrees), turn your aircraft to face San Francisco (around 194 degrees), and set your altitude to **5,000** feet. **Note** - This will be your starting point for this tutorial.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_location.jpg?​700|}}
 +
 +   * Leave the Location menu and enter the navigation menu.
 +   * Delete any previous route settings
 +   * Click **San Francisco Airport** on the map and select **runway 19L**. Take note of the additional information like the ICAO code, the ILS frequency and the total distance of 31.2 nm.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_startpoint.jpg?​700|}}
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_destination.jpg?​700|}}
 +
 +   * Leave the Navigation menu and **start the simulation**.
 +
 +==== Flying The Aircraft ====
 +
 +   * Adjust the average power, trim and level out the aircraft  ​
 +   * Activate the Autopilot by clicking on "​AP"​. **Note** - This will give you time to enter your flight data.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_ap.jpg?​300|}}
 +
 +   * Turn the frequency knob of NAV 1 to 108.90. (1) **Note** - point to outer ring for large change, inner knob for decimal changes
 +   * Press the active/​standby button. The active frequency 108.90 swaps to the left. (2)
 +   * Turn the heading knob of the HSI instrument to 194 degrees. (3)
 +   * Turn the knob to the same direction. (4)
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_tuning.jpg?​700|}}
 +
 +   * The ILS is now active. Note the distance, the average speed and minutes to our destination just below the HSI. (1)
 +   * Turn the Omni bearing selector (OBS) knob to 194. (2)
 +   * Turn the course deviation indicator (CDI) knob to 194. //The knob is hidden behind the yoke in the below image// (3)
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_dials.jpg?​650|}}
 +
 +Fly with autopilot to your destination with course approximately 194 and flight level 4000-5000ft. **Note** -  Autopilot is active.
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_autopilot.jpg?​400|}}
 +
 +Next press the (APR) button on the autopilot. **Note** - The text APR may be displayed on the second line of the autopilot display. ​ As soon as the signal is picked up the test will move onto the first line (at a distance of approximately 26nm). ​ Alert may blink for a while. As soon as it gets the vertical glide path the alert disappears. This is much closer at a distance of approximately 17nm.  ​
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_apr.jpg?​400|}}
 + 
 +**The navigation system will perform a complete automatic approach at this point.**
 +
 +   * Watch your airspeed indicator and manage your speed during approach
 +   * Set flaps during approach
 +   * Deploy your landing gear as you approach final
 +
 +{{:​wiki:​ils_flaps_and_speed.jpg?​600|}}
 +
 +**Once the aircraft touches down the runway the autopilot switches off. You will need to take control of the aircraft at this point.**
 +
 +You have now completed your first ILS approach. A special thank you to “Karl-Heinz” for the writing of this tutorial. ​
 +
 +
  
aircraft/ils_approach_tutorial.txt · Last modified: 2017/08/01 03:31 by jf